The night the
July 20, 1969 at 10:17:41pm EDT...
The photo below shows the Moon exactly the way it looked the night Neil Armstrong, from Wapakoneta, Ohio, became the first human to take steps on a world other than the Earth. The landing site is labeled Apollo 11 and is located in the south-west quadrant of Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility). The other five successful landing sites are also indicated on the photo - Apollo 12, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16 and Apollo 17. If you click on any of the named features in the photo (landing sites or Maria), you'll be taken to a Wikipedia entry for that feature. If you click HERE you'll be taken to a NASA site where images posted on July 17, 2009 clearly show the Apollo landing sites. These images have been taken with high-resolution cameras aboard the LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter) currently orbiting the Moon. The pictures show the Apollo missions' lunar module descent stages sitting on the moon's surface, as long shadows from a low sun angle make the modules' locations evident. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera, or LROC, was able to image five of the six Apollo sites, with the remaining Apollo 12 site expected to be photographed in the coming weeks.
In the image below, all labeled features are clickable for additional information
The Moon, from Stow, OH on 7/20/1969 at 10:17:41pm EDT
when Ohio's own Neil Armstrong first stepped foot on another world.
The 35% illuminated waxing crescent Moon was at an altitude of 16° in the west-southwestern sky
NSSDC ID: 69-059A
First manned landing on another planet in Mare Tranquillitatis. Six hours after landing at 4:17:41pm EDT, Ohio's own Neil A. Armstrong became the human to set foot on another world as he stepped off the Lunar Module, named "Eagle" onto the surface of the Moon. His "small step for a man" allowed him to look up and see Earth in the heavens as no one had done before him. Neil was shortly joined by "Buzz" Aldrin, and the two astronauts spent 21 hours on the lunar surface. Aldrin's description of the Moon's stark landscape as a "magnificent desolation" was certainly fitting.
Armstrong reported "The surface is fine and powdery... I can pick it up loosely with my toe. It does adhere in fine layers like powdered charcoal to the sole and sides of my boots. I can only go in a small fraction of an inch."
The two walked on the moon for over 2 hours before leaving behind scientific equipment, a camera, and an American flag. Their liftoff from the surface of the moon with 46 pounds of lunar rocks was captured on a TV camera they left behind. They then successfully docked with Michael Collins in the Command Module "Columbia". The Lunar Module was jettisoned and the return journey to Earth began.
The Apollo astronauts traveled approximately 384,400 km reaching speeds of almost 12 km per second in order to land on the Earth's only satellite companion, the Moon. In total, only 12 men have walked on its surface.
Apollo 11 spacecraft was part of the first mission in which humans
landed on the lunar surface and returned to earth. The spacecraft
consisted of three modules -- a lunar module (LM), a command module
(CM), and a service module, which was linked to the command module
to form the command service module (CSM). After the spacecraft
orbited the moon, the LM and CSM separated. Two astronauts in
the LM (Commander Neil A. Armstrong and LM pilot Edwin E. "Buzz"
Aldrin Jr.) landed on the lunar surface at the Sea of Tranquility
(0.67 deg N latitude and 23.49 deg E longitude), while one (CM pilot
Michael Collins) remained in lunar orbit in the command module.
Scientific studies were performed, and soil and rock samples were
acquired by the astronauts during a moonwalk. The men returned to
the LM, docked the LM and the CSM, and returned to earth. The Apollo
11 spacecraft was launched on July 16, 1969 and was injected into
lunar orbit on July 19. The LM (69-059C) landed on the moon on July
20, 1969 and returned to the command module on July 21. The
command module left lunar orbit on July 22 and returned to earth on
July 24, 1969. A laser ranging retroreflector and a passive
seismograph experiment were left on the moon. The performance of the
spacecraft was excellent throughout the mission.
Time of Lunar Landings for All the Manned Missions: