Astronomical Observing from Fishcreek Observing Site
 Friday 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm (nautical twilight)

                    Sunset:  5:15pm
       Civil twilight ends:  5:41pm
    Nautical twilight ends:  6:14pm
Astronomical twilight ends:  6:46pm

Moon Phase: 20.93% illuminated (waning crescent)
      Rise: 1:59am
       Age: 25d 11h 16m since last New Moon

We hope to see you here for a night under the stars - now in our eighteenth year!
Tonight we're Moon-less for the entire session since it set at 2:28pm this afternoon. We'll have our pick of the available DSO's (Deep Space Objects) we love to see, including the M-objects and NGC objects. Mars can be seen tonight since it'll set at 7:17pm - 2hrs 3min after sunset. Jupiter is now magnificent as the night's show-piece. It rises at 6:31pm and will be with us all night. Uranus rises at 3:17pm and Neptune rises at 1:55pm. Both will be visible for us. Colorful double stars and open clusters made up of hundreds of stars that will look beautiful; the globular clusters will be fantastic as will the planetary nebula formed by dying stars. The diffuse nebula and emission nebula where stars are being born will be visible. Many galaxies will be available to us. Bring your binoculars and we'll show you how to find the Andromeda Galaxy with them!

How about the planets...which ones can we see tonight? 

    Sun is obviously unavailable to us, it IS night time after all ;^)
    Mercury sets 39min after sunset and we'll try to see it despite the glare of the Sun
    Venus rises 2hrs 50min before sunrise and is an incredibly bright 83% illuminated waxing gibbous
    Earth is what you'll be standing on as you look up. ;^)
    Mars is low on the horizon but still visible tonight and sets at 7:17pm - 2hrs 3min after sunset
    Jupiter rises at 6:31pm and will clear the trees by 8:05pm
    Saturn is gone from sight setting at 4:46pm - 28 minutes before sunset
    Uranus rises at 3:17pm and will be visible this evening
    Neptune rises at 1:55pm and is visible this evening
 
  Pluto sets at 8:33pm, but so incredibly small and dim that we can't see a thing in our telescopes!
    is a 21% illuminated waning crescent setting 2hrs 46min before sunset

Click here for a list of DeepSky Objects that will be available to us this session.
All times are shown in EST (Eastern Standard Time (UT-5)) as seen from Stow, Ohio
Longitude: W 81 25' 38.3"
 Latitude: N41 11' 11.1"
 Altitude: 337m

The following Sun, Moon and planet detail was calculated as it will be
on Friday 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm (nautical twilight).
Source: Guide9 software available from www.projectpluto.com

ABOVE HORIZON:
Mars         1.2     Oph     10:11   19:18
Uranus       5.8     Psc     15:17   03:37
Neptune      7.9     Aqr     13:55   00:41
Pluto       14.3     Sgr     10:48   20:33

BELOW HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Sun        -26.7     Lib     07:04   17:15
Mercury      1.1     Sco     08:34   17:53
Venus       -4.0     Vir     04:14   15:57
Jupiter     -2.8     Tau     18:31   09:25
Saturn       0.6     Vir     05:53   16:46
Moon        -8.6     Leo     01:59   14:29
Mercury rises 1hr 31min after sunrise	Mercury sets 39min after sunset
Venus rises 2hrs 50min before sunrise	Venus sets 1hr 18min before sunset
Mars rises 3hrs 7min after sunrise	Mars sets 2hrs 3min after sunset
Jupiter rises 11hrs 28min after sunrise	Jupiter sets 16hrs 11min after sunset
Saturn rises 1hr 11min before sunrise	Saturn sets 28min before sunset
Uranus rises 8hrs 14min after sunrise	Uranus sets 10hrs 22min after sunset
Neptune rises 6hrs 52min after sunrise	Neptune sets 7hrs 26min after sunset
Pluto rises 3hrs 44min after sunrise	Pluto sets 3hrs 19min after sunset
Luna rises 5hrs 5min before sunrise	Luna sets 2hrs 46min before sunset

Sun data:
     Rise: 7:04am
     Transit: 12:10pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 5:15pm
     Constellation: Libra
      RA: 15h 01m 59.920s
     DEC: -17 10' 58.89"
     Distance: .99029242 AU = 148,145,637 km = 92,053,432 miles = 8.25 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -26.7
     Apparent size: 32.30 arcminutes in angular diameter

     Civil twilight ends at: 5:41pm ( When the Sun is 6 below the horizon )
     Nautical twilight ends at: 6:14pm ( When the Sun is 12 below the horizon )
     Astronomical twilight ends at: 6:46pm ( When the Sun is 18 below the horizon )

     Fall began at the Autumnal Equinox which occurred on Saturday Sep 22, 2012 at 10:49am
     Winter begins at the Winter Solstice which will occur on Friday Dec 21, 2012 at 6:12am

     Next Solar Eclipse: Partial eclipse (>80%) on Monday August 21, 2017 2:30pm EDT
     Next TOTAL Solar Eclipse: Monday April 8, 2024 at 3:15pm
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm the Sun will be 12 below the west-southwest horizon

Moon data:
     Rise: 1:59am
     Transit: 8:18am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 2:29pm
     Constellation: Leo
     Phase:  20.93% illuminated (waning crescent)
     Distance: 0.00252743 AU = 378,098 km = 234,939 miles = 1.26 light-seconds
     Magnitude: -8.6
     Apparent size: 31.59 arcminutes in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 54.33 (morning sky)
     Age: 25d 11h 16m since last New Moon
     Prior Phase: Last Quarter on Tuesday Nov 6, 2012 at 7:36pm
      Next Phase: New Moon on Tuesday Nov 13, 2012 at 5:08pm
     Next Lunar eclipse: Total eclipse (100%) on Sunday Sept 27, 2015 at 10:10pm EDT
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm the Moon will be 39.8 below the west-northwest horizon

Mercury data:
     Rise: 8:34am
     Transit: 1:14pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 5:53pm
     Constellation: Scorpius
     Phase:  19.12% illuminated
     Distance: .74192807 AU = 110,990,860 km = 68,966,524 miles = 6.18 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 1.1
     Apparent size: 9.07 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 15.76 (evening sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Morning: Tuesday, December 4, 2012 (20 33' 03")
          Evening: Saturday, February 16, 2013 (18 07' 53")
     Conjunctions of Mercury...
            Prior: Superior Conjunction on Monday, Sep 10, 2012 at 11:14:14am
             Next: Inferior Conjunction on Saturday, Nov 17, 2012 at 10:12:33am
             Next: Superior Conjunction on Friday, Jan 18, 2013 at 12:38:10am
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Mercury will be 4.6 below the southwest horizon

Venus data:
     Rise: 4:14am
     Transit: 10:06am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:57pm
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  83.18% illuminated
     Distance: 1.30846754 AU = 195,743,958 km = 121,629,658 miles = 10.9 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -4.0
     Apparent size: 12.75 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 32.88 (morning sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Friday, November 1, 2013 (47 04' 26")
          Morning: Saturday, March 22, 2014 (46 33' 26")
     Conjunctions of Venus...
            Prior: Inferior Conjunction on Tuesday, Jun 5, 2012 at 9:32:09pm
             Next: Superior Conjunction on Thursday, Mar 28, 2013 at 8:37:10pm
             Next: Inferior Conjunction on Friday, Jan 10, 2014 at 9:34:31pm
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Venus will be 26.6 below the west horizon

Mars data:
     Rise: 10:11am
     Transit: 2:44pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 7:18pm
     Constellation: Ophiuchus
     Phase:  95.45% illuminated
     Distance: 2.08502609 AU = 311,915,463 km = 193,815,286 miles = 17.37 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 1.2
     Apparent size: 4.49 arcseconds in angular diameter - less than 1/422nd the apparent diameter of the Moon
     Elongation from Sun: 36.68 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Mars is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Saturday Mar 3, 2012 at 3:52pm.  Distance: 100,839,728 km.  Size: 13.88 arcseconds.
            Next: Tuesday Apr 8, 2014 at 6:03pm.  Distance: 92,875,374 km.  Size: 15.07 arcseconds.
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Mars will be 8.4 above the southwest horizon

     Question: Will Mars be "as big as a Full Moon on August 27!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Question: Will there be "Two Full Moons in the Sky!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Mars was the closest in recorded history on August 27, but that was only in 2003, not every year!
     At that time, it appeared to be 1/75th the apparent diameter of the Moon!  NOT the "same size as the Full Moon".

     Please check these respected sites for their stories on the "Mars hoax" by clicking on the links below:
         http://www.skyandtelescope.com/observing/home/8708182.html
         http://www.snopes.com/science/astronomy/brightmars.asp
         http://www.hoax-slayer.com/mars-earth-close.html
         http://www.universetoday.com/2007/07/25/will-the-mars-look-as-big-as-the-moon-on-august-27-nope/

Jupiter data:
     Rise: 6:31pm
     Transit: 1:58am - Nov 10 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 9:25am - Nov 10
     Constellation: Taurus
     Phase:  99.81% illuminated
     Distance: 4.14047627 AU = 619,406,434 km = 384,881,319 miles = 34.49 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -2.8
     Apparent size: 47.61 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 153.71 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Jupiter is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Oct 28, 2011 at 9:37pm
            Next: Sunday Dec 2, 2012 at 8:41pm
     Next transit of the Great Red Spot:
          Saturday Nov 10, 2012 at  2:34am (The Red Spot transits about every 9 hours 56 minutes)
     GRS longitude: 184.4
     Jupiter satellite events (during darkness):
          Io shadow transit ends on Friday Nov 09, 2012 at 6:49pm when Jupiter is 1.8 above the horizon
          Io transit ends on Friday Nov 09, 2012 at 7:24pm when Jupiter is 7.8 above the horizon
          Europa eclipse begins on Saturday Nov 10, 2012 at 1:10am when Jupiter is 68 above the horizon
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Jupiter will be 3.9 below the northeast horizon

Saturn data:
     Rise: 5:53am
     Transit: 11:20am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 4:46pm
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  99.99% illuminated
     Distance: 10.73688624 AU = 1,606,215,319 km = 998,055,940 miles = 1.49 light-hours
     Magnitude: 0.6
     Apparent size: 15.48 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 13.92 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Saturn is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Sunday Apr 15, 2012 at 2:19pm
            Next: Sunday Apr 28, 2013 at 4:20am
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Saturn will be 17.5 below the west horizon

Uranus data:
     Rise: 3:17pm
     Transit: 9:27pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:37am - Nov 10
     Constellation: Pisces
     Phase:  99.97% illuminated
     Distance: 19.32387791 AU = 2,890,810,989 km = 1,796,266,693 miles = 2.68 light-hours
     Magnitude: 5.8
     Apparent size: 3.65 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 137.10 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Uranus is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Saturday Sep 29, 2012 at 3:07am
            Next: Thursday Oct 3, 2013 at 10:04am
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Uranus will be 31 above the east-southeast horizon

Neptune data:
     Rise: 1:55pm
     Transit: 7:18pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 0:41am - Nov 10
     Constellation: Aquarius
     Phase:  99.97% illuminated
     Distance: 29.76425679 AU = 4,452,669,439 km = 2,766,760,553 miles = 4.13 light-hours
     Magnitude: 7.9
     Apparent size: 2.29 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 102.39 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Neptune is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Aug 24, 2012 at 8:24am
            Next: Monday Aug 26, 2013 at 9:35pm
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Neptune will be 34.9 above the south-southeast horizon

Pluto (Dwarf Planet aka Asteroid 134340) data:
     Rise: 10:48am
     Transit: 3:41pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 8:33pm
     Constellation: Sagittarius
     Phase:  99.99% illuminated
     Distance: 32.9608663 AU = 4,930,875,415 km = 3,063,903,974 miles = 4.58 light-hours
     Magnitude: 14.3
     Apparent size: 0.10 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 49.78 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Pluto is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Jun 29, 2012 at 11:03am
            Next: Monday Jul 1, 2013 at 8:06pm
     On 11/9/2012 at 6:13:55pm Pluto will be 19.4 above the south-southwest horizon
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