Astronomical Observing from Fishcreek Observing Site
 Friday 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm (nautical twilight)

                    Sunset:  9:04pm
       Civil twilight ends:  9:34pm
    Nautical twilight ends: 10:16pm
Astronomical twilight ends: 11:05pm

Moon Phase: 59.44% illuminated (waxing gibbous)
      Rise: 2:22pm
       Age: 7d 17h 16m since last New Moon

We hope to see you here for a night under the stars - now in our sixteenth year!
The Moon will be just past first quarter for us tonight which is the very best time to see the craters, mountains and plains on the surface - especially near the terminator, the line separating lunar night from day. We'll also have beautiful Saturn with its magnificent rings and moons, the colorful double stars and open clusters made up of hundreds of stars that will look beautiful; the globular clusters will be fantastic as will the planetary nebula formed by dying stars. The diffuse nebula and emission nebula where stars are being born will also be visible. Galaxies will be available to us as well.

How about the planets...which ones can we see tonight? 

    Sun is obviously unavailable to us, it IS night time after all. ;^)
    Mercury is setting 83 minutes after sunset but very difficult see since it's lost in the glare of the sun.
    Venus is now visible in the morning rising 40 minutes before sunrise.
    Earth is what you'll be standing on as you look up. ;^)
    Mars is a morning object now, rising more than 2 hours before sunrise.
    Jupiter is an early morning object rising at 1:44am.
    Saturn is visible in the evening and night. It sets at 1:01am..
    Uranus rises at 12:26am.
    Neptune rises at 11:06pm.
 
  Pluto rises at sunset, but so incredibly small and dim that we can't see a thing in our telescopes!
    Moon is just past first quarter and sets at 1:08am tonight.

Click here for a list of DeepSky Objects that will be available to us this session.
All times are shown in EDT (Eastern Daylight Time (UT-4)) as seen from Stow, Ohio
Longitude: W 81 25' 38.4"
 Latitude: N41 11' 11.1"
 Altitude: 337m

The following Sun, Moon and planet detail was calculated as it
will be on Friday 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm (nautical twilight).
Source: Guide8 software available from www.projectpluto.com

ABOVE HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Mercury      0.0     Cnc     07:55   22:27
Saturn       0.9     Vir     13:05   01:01
Pluto       14.2     Sgr     19:47   05:39
Moon       -10.6     Vir     14:22   01:08

BELOW HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Sun        -26.7     Gem     05:57   21:04
Venus       -3.9     Gem     05:08   20:21
Mars         1.4     Tau     03:33   18:35
Jupiter     -2.3     Ari     01:44   15:24
Uranus       5.8     Psc     00:26   12:44
Neptune      7.8     Aqr     23:06   09:52


Sun data:
     Rise: 5:57am
     Transit: 1:30pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 9:04pm
     Constellation: Gemini
     Distance: 1.01669428 AU = 152,095,300 km = 94,507,639 miles = 8.47 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -26.7
     Apparent size: 31.46 arcminutes in angular diameter

     Civil twilight ends at: 9:34pm ( When the Sun is 6 below the horizon )
     Nautical twilight ends at: 10:16pm ( When the Sun is 12 below the horizon )
     Astronomical twilight ends at: 11:05pm ( When the Sun is 18 below the horizon )

     Summer began at the Summer Solstice which occurred on Tuesday Jun 21, 2011 at 1:17pm
     Fall begins at the Autumnal Equinox which will occur on Friday Sep 23, 2011 at 5:05am

     Next Solar Eclipse: Partial eclipse (>80%) on Monday August 21, 2017 2:30pm EDT
     Next TOTAL Solar Eclipse: Monday April 8, 2024 at 3:15pm
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm the Sun will be 12 below the west-northwest horizon

Moon data:
     Rise: 2:22pm
     Transit: 7:49pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 1:08am - Jul 9
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  59.44% illuminated (waxing gibbous)
     Distance: 0.00245665 AU = 367,510 km = 228,360 miles = 1.23 light-seconds
     Magnitude: -10.6
     Apparent size: 32.50 arcminutes in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 100.75 (evening sky)
     Age: 7d 17h 16m since last New Moon
     Prior Phase: First Quarter on Friday Jul 8, 2011 at 2:29am
      Next Phase: Full Moon on Friday Jul 15, 2011 at 2:40am
     Next Lunar eclipse: Total eclipse (100%) on Sunday Sept 27, 2015 at 10:10pm EDT
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm the Moon will be 24.4 above the south-southwest horizon

Mercury data:
     Rise: 7:55am
     Transit: 3:12pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 10:27pm
     Constellation: Cancer
     Phase:  61.51% illuminated
     Distance: 1.02628862 AU = 153,530,593 km = 95,399,489 miles = 8.55 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 0.0
     Apparent size: 6.55 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 24.10 (evening sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Wednesday, July 20, 2011 (26 49' 02")
          Morning: Saturday, September 3, 2011 (18 06' 39")
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Mercury will be 0.9 above the west-northwest horizon

Venus data:
     Rise: 5:08am
     Transit: 12:44pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 8:21pm
     Constellation: Gemini
     Phase:  98.30% illuminated
     Distance: 1.69523769 AU = 253,603,949 km = 157,582,190 miles = 14.12 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -3.9
     Apparent size: 9.84 arcseconds in ngular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 10.55 (morning sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Tuesday, March 27, 2012 (46 02' 27")
          Morning: Wednesday, August 15, 2012 (45 48' 10")
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Venus will be 16.7 below the northwest horizon

Mars data:
     Rise: 3:33am
     Transit: 11:04am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 6:35pm
     Constellation: Taurus
     Phase:  96.15% illuminated
     Distance: 2.2026712 AU = 329,514,922 km = 204,751,083 miles = 18.35 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 1.4
     Apparent size: 4.25 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 33.87 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Mars is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Jan 29, 2010 at 2:21pm.  Distance: 99,400,435 km.  Size: 14.08 arcseconds.
            Next: Saturday Mar 3, 2012 at 3:52pm.  Distance: 100,839,728 km.  Size: 13.88 arcseconds.
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Mars will be 25.5 below the north-northwest horizon

     Question: Will Mars be "as big as a Full Moon on August 27!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Question: Will there be "Two Full Moons in the Sky!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Mars was the closest in recorded history on August 27, but that was only in 2003, not every year!
     At that time, it appeared to be 1/75th the apparent diameter of the Moon!  NOT the "same size as the Full Moon".

     Please check these respected sites for their stories on the "Mars hoax" by clicking on the links below:
         http://www.skyandtelescope.com/observing/highlights/8708182.html
         http://www.snopes.com/science/astronomy/brightmars.asp
         http://www.hoax-slayer.com/mars-earth-close.html
         http://www.universetoday.com/2007/07/25/will-the-mars-look-as-big-as-the-moon-on-august-27-nope/

Jupiter data:
     Rise: 1:44am - Jul 9
     Transit: 8:34am - Jul 9 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:24pm - Jul 9
     Constellation: Aries
     Phase:  99.06% illuminated
     Distance: 5.19994011 AU = 777,899,968 km = 483,364,637 miles = 43.31 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -2.3
     Apparent size: 37.91 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 70.39 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Jupiter is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 7:28am
            Next: Friday Oct 28, 2011 at 9:37pm
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Jupiter will be 31.6 below the north-northeast horizon
 
     Next transit of the Great Red Spot: Saturday Jul 09, 2011 at  7:22am (The Red Spot transits about every 9 hours 56 minutes)
     GRS longitude: 162.7
     Jupiter satellite events (during darkness):
          Ganymede transit begins on Saturday Jul 09, 2011 at 2:58am when Jupiter is 12.4 above the horizon

Saturn data:
     Rise: 1:05pm
     Transit: 7:03pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 1:01am - Jul 9
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  99.72% illuminated
     Distance: 9.68667613 AU = 1,449,106,123 km = 900,432,811 miles = 1.34 light-hours
     Magnitude: 0.9
     Apparent size: 17.16 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 84.43 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Saturn is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Sunday Apr 3, 2011 at 7:48pm
            Next: Sunday Apr 15, 2012 at 2:19pm
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Saturn will be 28.5 above the southwest horizon

Uranus data:
     Rise: 0:26am - Jul 9
     Transit: 6:35am - Jul 9 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 12:44pm - Jul 9
     Constellation: Pisces
     Phase:  99.94% illuminated
     Distance: 19.84707986 AU = 2,969,080,886 km = 1,844,901,353 miles = 2.76 light-hours
     Magnitude: 5.8
     Apparent size: 3.55 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 102.01 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Uranus is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 12:51pm
            Next: Sunday Sep 25, 2011 at 8:07pm
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Uranus will be 24.9 below the northeast horizon

Neptune data:
     Rise: 11:06pm
     Transit: 4:29am - Jul 9 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 9:52am - Jul 9
     Constellation: Aquarius
     Phase:  99.99% illuminated
     Distance: 29.26862596 AU = 4,378,524,121 km = 2,720,688,787 miles = 4.06 light-hours
     Magnitude: 7.8
     Apparent size: 2.33 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 135.98 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Neptune is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Aug 20, 2010 at 5:59am
            Next: Monday Aug 22, 2011 at 7:18pm
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Neptune will be 10.4 below the east horizon

Pluto (Dwarf Planet aka Asteroid 134340) data:
     Rise: 7:47pm
     Transit: 0:43am - Jul 9 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 5:39am - Jul 9
     Constellation: Sagittarius
     Phase:  100.00% illuminated
     Distance: 31.06073019 AU = 4,646,619,098 km = 2,887,275,285 miles = 4.31 light-hours
     Magnitude: 14.2
     Apparent size: 0.11 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 168.46 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Pluto is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Jun 28, 2011 at 1:23am
            Next: Friday Jun 29, 2012 at 11:03am
     On 7/8/2011 at 10:15:56pm Pluto will be 20.9 above the southeast horizon
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