Astronomical Observing from Fishcreek Observing Site
 Friday 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm (nautical twilight)

                    Sunset:  9:05pm
       Civil twilight ends:  9:36pm
    Nautical twilight ends: 10:19pm
Astronomical twilight ends: 11:10pm

Moon Phase: 0.63% illuminated (waxing crescent)
      Rise: 6:08am
       Age: 0d 17h 31m since last New Moon

We hope to see you here for a night under the stars - now in our sixteenth year!
No Moon for us to deal with the entire night since it sets at 9:21pm this evening.  This is the night we've been waiting for since the brightness of the Moon won't interfere with our look at the faint fuzzies we enjoy seeing.  We'll have beautiful Saturn with its magnificent rings and moons, the colorful double stars and open clusters made up of hundreds of stars that will look beautiful; the globular clusters will be fantastic as will the planetary nebula formed by dying stars. The diffuse nebula and emission nebula where stars are being born will also be visible. Galaxies will be available to us as well.

How about the planets...which ones can we see tonight? 

    Sun is obviously unavailable to us, it IS night time after all. ;^)
    Mercury is setting 80 minutes after sunset but is impossible to see since it's lost in the glare of the sun.
    Venus is now visible in the morning rising an hour before sunrise.
    Earth is what you'll be standing on as you look up. ;^)
    Mars is a morning object now, rising more than 2 hours before sunrise.
    Jupiter is an early morning object rising at 2:09am.
    Saturn is visible in the evening and night. It sets at 1:28am.
    Uranus rises at 12:54am.
    Neptune rises at 11:33pm.
 
  Pluto rises at sunset, but so incredibly small and dim that we can't see a thing in our telescopes!
    Moon is a tiny crescent setting a few minutes after sunset tonight.

Click here for a list of DeepSky Objects that will be available to us this session.
All times are shown in EDT (Eastern Daylight Time (UT-4)) as seen from Stow, Ohio
Longitude: W 81 25' 38.4"
 Latitude: N41 11' 11.1"
 Altitude: 337m

The following Sun, Moon and planet detail was calculated as it
will be on Friday 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm (nautical twilight).
Source: Guide8 software available from www.projectpluto.com

ABOVE HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Saturn       0.9     Vir     13:32   01:28
Pluto       14.2     Sgr     20:15   06:08

BELOW HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Sun        -26.7     Gem     05:53   21:05
Mercury     -0.4     Cnc     07:23   22:25
Venus       -3.9     Tau     04:59   20:10
Mars         1.4     Tau     03:44   18:38
Jupiter     -2.3     Ari     02:09   15:46
Uranus       5.8     Psc     00:54   13:11
Neptune      7.9     Aqr     23:33   10:20
Moon        -4.5     Gem     06:08   21:21

Sun data:
     Rise: 5:53am
     Transit: 1:29pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 9:05pm
     Constellation: Gemini
     Distance: 1.01673002 AU = 152,100,646 km = 94,510,961 miles = 8.47 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -26.7
     Apparent size: 31.46 arcminutes in angular diameter

     Civil twilight ends at: 9:36pm ( When the Sun is 6 below the horizon )
     Nautical twilight ends at: 10:19pm ( When the Sun is 12 below the horizon )
     Astronomical twilight ends at: 11:10pm ( When the Sun is 18 below the horizon )

     Summer began at the Summer Solstice which occurred on Tuesday Jun 21, 2011 at 1:17pm
     Fall begins at the Autumnal Equinox which will occur on Friday Sep 23, 2011 at 5:05am

     Next Solar Eclipse: Partial eclipse (>80%) on Monday August 21, 2017 2:30pm EDT
     Next TOTAL Solar Eclipse: Monday April 8, 2024 at 3:15pm
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm the Sun will be 12 below the northwest horizon

Moon data:
     Rise: 6:08am
     Transit: 1:48pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 9:21pm
     Constellation: Gemini
     Phase:  0.63% illuminated (waxing crescent)
     Distance: 0.00254185 AU = 380,255 km = 236,280 miles = 1.27 light-seconds
     Magnitude: -4.5
     Apparent size: 31.41 arcminutes in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 9.09 (evening sky)
     Age: 0d 17h 31m since last New Moon
     Prior Phase: New Moon on Friday Jul 1, 2011 at 4:54am
      Next Phase: First Quarter on Friday Jul 8, 2011 at 2:29am
     Next Lunar eclipse: Total eclipse (100%) on Sunday Sept 27, 2015 at 10:10pm EDT
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm the Moon will be 10.2 below the west-northwest horizon

Mercury data:
     Rise: 7:23am
     Transit: 2:54pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 10:25pm
     Constellation: Cancer
     Phase:  73.07% illuminated
     Distance: 1.13606568 AU = 169,953,007 km = 105,603,904 miles = 9.46 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -0.4
     Apparent size: 5.92 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 19.94 (evening sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Wednesday, July 20, 2011 (26 49' 02")
          Morning: Saturday, September 3, 2011 (18 06' 39")
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Mercury will be 0.1 below the west-northwest horizon

Venus data:
     Rise: 4:59am
     Transit: 12:34pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 8:10pm
     Constellation: Taurus
     Phase:  97.63% illuminated
     Distance: 1.67974116 AU = 251,285,701 km = 156,141,698 miles = 13.99 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -3.9
     Apparent size: 9.93 arcseconds in ngular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 12.45 (morning sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Tuesday, March 27, 2012 (46 02' 27")
          Morning: Wednesday, August 15, 2012 (45 48' 10")
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Venus will be 18.2 below the northwest horizon

Mars data:
     Rise: 3:44am
     Transit: 11:11am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 6:38pm
     Constellation: Taurus
     Phase:  96.47% illuminated
     Distance: 2.22110885 AU = 332,273,155 km = 206,464,969 miles = 18.5 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 1.4
     Apparent size: 4.21 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 32.10 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Mars is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Jan 29, 2010 at 2:21pm.  Distance: 99,400,435 km.  Size: 14.08 arcseconds.
            Next: Saturday Mar 3, 2012 at 3:52pm.  Distance: 100,839,728 km.  Size: 13.88 arcseconds.
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Mars will be 26.1 below the north-northwest horizon

     Question: Will Mars be "as big as a Full Moon on August 27!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Question: Will there be "Two Full Moons in the Sky!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Mars was the closest in recorded history on August 27, but that was only in 2003, not every year!
     At that time, it appeared to be 1/75th the apparent diameter of the Moon!  NOT the "same size as the Full Moon".

     Please check these respected sites for their stories on the "Mars hoax" by clicking on the links below:
         http://www.skyandtelescope.com/observing/highlights/8708182.html
         http://www.snopes.com/science/astronomy/brightmars.asp
         http://www.hoax-slayer.com/mars-earth-close.html
         http://www.universetoday.com/2007/07/25/will-the-mars-look-as-big-as-the-moon-on-august-27-nope/

Jupiter data:
     Rise: 2:09am - Jul 2
     Transit: 8:58am - Jul 2 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:46pm - Jul 2
     Constellation: Aries
     Phase:  99.13% illuminated
     Distance: 5.29838992 AU = 792,627,850 km = 492,516,118 miles = 44.13 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -2.3
     Apparent size: 37.21 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 64.80 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Jupiter is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 7:28am
            Next: Friday Oct 28, 2011 at 9:37pm
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Jupiter will be 33.6 below the north-northeast horizon
 
     Next transit of the Great Red Spot: Saturday Jul 02, 2011 at  6:34am (The Red Spot transits about every 9 hours 56 minutes)
     GRS longitude: 162.5
     Jupiter satellite events (during darkness):
          None tonight

Saturn data:
     Rise: 1:32pm
     Transit: 7:30pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 1:28am - Jul 2
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  99.72% illuminated
     Distance: 9.57054741 AU = 1,431,733,514 km = 889,637,972 miles = 1.33 light-hours
     Magnitude: 0.9
     Apparent size: 17.37 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 90.84 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Saturn is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Sunday Apr 3, 2011 at 7:48pm
            Next: Sunday Apr 15, 2012 at 2:19pm
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Saturn will be 32.3 above the southwest horizon

Uranus data:
     Rise: 0:54am - Jul 2
     Transit: 7:03am - Jul 2 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 1:11pm - Jul 2
     Constellation: Pisces
     Phase:  99.94% illuminated
     Distance: 19.9629899 AU = 2,986,420,782 km = 1,855,675,865 miles = 2.77 light-hours
     Magnitude: 5.8
     Apparent size: 3.53 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 95.36 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Uranus is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 12:51pm
            Next: Sunday Sep 25, 2011 at 8:07pm
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Uranus will be 29 below the northeast horizon

Neptune data:
     Rise: 11:33pm
     Transit: 4:57am - Jul 2 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 10:20am - Jul 2
     Constellation: Aquarius
     Phase:  99.98% illuminated
     Distance: 29.3553974 AU = 4,391,504,944 km = 2,728,754,697 miles = 4.08 light-hours
     Magnitude: 7.9
     Apparent size: 2.33 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 129.19 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Neptune is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Aug 20, 2010 at 5:59am
            Next: Monday Aug 22, 2011 at 7:18pm
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Neptune will be 15.1 below the east horizon

Pluto (Dwarf Planet aka Asteroid 134340) data:
     Rise: 8:15pm
     Transit: 1:11am - Jul 2 (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 6:08am - Jul 2
     Constellation: Sagittarius
     Phase:  100.00% illuminated
     Distance: 31.0421407 AU = 4,643,838,150 km = 2,885,547,284 miles = 4.31 light-hours
     Magnitude: 14.2
     Apparent size: 0.11 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 174.12 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Pluto is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Jun 28, 2011 at 1:23am
            Next: Friday Jun 29, 2012 at 11:03am
     On 7/1/2011 at 10:18:49pm Pluto will be 17.8 above the southeast horizon
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