Astronomical Observing from Fishcreek Observing Site
Friday 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm (nautical twilight).

                    Sunset: 5:12pm
       Civil twilight ends: 5:39pm
    Nautical twilight ends: 6:12pm
Astronomical twilight ends: 6:44pm

Moon Phase: 42.97% illuminated (waxing crescent)
      Rise: 12:34pm
       Age: 6d 18h 14m since last New Moon
Tonight, we'll have a nearly first quarter waxing crescent Moon until it sets at 11:18pm this evening. This is the perfect phase to see lots of lunar detail on the terminator - the line separating lunar day from night. After the Moon sets we'll have access to all the faint DSOs (Deep Space Objects). We have the colorful double stars and open clusters made up of hundreds of stars that will look beautiful; the globular clusters will be fantastic as will the planetary nebula formed by dying stars. The diffuse nebula and emission nebula where stars are being born will also be visible. Galaxies will be available to us as well. Bring binoculars if you have a pair and we'll show you how to find the Andromeda Galaxy with them! Also, we'll show you how to find the beautiful "Coat Hanger" cluster which is best seen in binoculars.

How about the planets...which ones can we see tonight? 

    Sun is obviously unavailable to us, it IS night time after all. ;^)
    Mercury isn't currently visible, but will soon be an evening object again (but difficult to see).
    Venus is now visible in the morning before sunrise.
    Earth is what you'll be standing on as you look up. ;^)
    Mars is completely lost in the glare of the evening Sun.
    Jupiter is with us until 2:27am and is HUGE and BRIGHT!  The GRS will be visible by 9:30pm
    Saturn is now visible in the morning 3 hours before sunrise.
    Uranus is with us until 2:45am and is less than 3.5 to Jupiter's east (upper left).
    Neptune is with us until it sets just after midnight, 27 to the west of Jupiter.
 
  Pluto sets at 8:10pm, but so incredibly dim that we can't see a thing in our telescopes!  We can show you where it is. OK...if you want to try to see it, we'll try. Just don't expect to see anything!
    Moon is nearly at first quarter and will be with us until it sets at 11:18pm tonight.

Click here for a list of DeepSky Objects that will be available to us this session.
We hope to see you here for a night under the stars - now in our sixteenth year!

All times are shown in EDT (Eastern Daylight Time (UT-4)) as seen from Stow, Ohio
Longitude: W 81 25' 38.3"
 Latitude: N 41 11' 11.1"
 Altitude: 337m

The following Sun, Moon and planet detail was calculated as it will be
on Friday 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm (nautical twilight)
Source: Guide8 software available from www.projectpluto.com

ABOVE HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Jupiter     -2.7     Aqr     14:44   02:27
Uranus       5.8     Psc     14:48   02:45
Neptune      7.9     Cap     13:33   00:08
Pluto       14.3     Sgr     10:17   20:10
Moon        -9.7     Cap     12:34   23:18

BELOW HORIZON:
Object       Mag    Const     Rise     Set
Sun        -26.7     Lib     07:06   17:12
Mercury     -0.4     Sco     08:31   17:51
Venus       -4.4     Vir     05:23   15:58
Mars         1.4     Oph     08:56   18:17
Saturn       0.9     Vir     03:54   15:44

Sun data:
     Rise: 7:06am
     Transit: 12:09pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 5:12pm
     Constellation: Libra
     Distance: .98973541 AU = 148,062,310 km = 92,001,655 miles = 8.24 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -26.7
     Apparent size: 32.32 arcminutes in angular diameter

     Civil twilight ends at: 5:39pm ( When the Sun is 6 below the horizon )
     Nautical twilight ends at: 6:12pm ( When the Sun is 12 below the horizon )
     Astronomical twilight ends at: 6:44pm ( When the Sun is 18 below the horizon )

     Fall began at the Autumnal Equinox which occurred on Wednesday Sep 22, 2010 at 11:10pm
     Winter begins at the Winter Solstice which will occur on Tuesday Dec 21, 2010 at 6:39pm

     Next Solar Eclipse: Partial eclipse (>80%) on Monday August 21, 2017 2:30pm EDT
     Next TOTAL Solar Eclipse: Monday April 8, 2024 at 3:15pm
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm the Sun will be 12 below the west-southwest horizon

Moon data:
     Rise: 12:34pm
     Transit: 5:53pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 11:18pm
     Constellation: Capricornus
     Phase:  42.97% illuminated (waxing crescent)
     Distance: 0.00265376 AU = 396,997 km = 246,683 miles = 1.33 light-seconds
     Magnitude: -9.7
     Apparent size: 30.09 arcminutes in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 81.76 (evening sky)
     Age: 6d 18h 14m since last New Moon
     Prior Phase: New Moon on Saturday Nov 6, 2010 at 12:52am
      Next Phase: First Quarter on Saturday Nov 13, 2010 at 11:38am
     Next Lunar eclipse: Total eclipse (100%) on Sunday Sept 27, 2015 at 10:10pm EDT
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm the Moon will be 34 above the south horizon

Mercury data:
     Rise: 8:31am
     Transit: 1:11pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 5:51pm
     Constellation: Scorpius
     Phase:  90.67% illuminated
     Distance: 1.32478646 AU = 198,185,234 km = 123,146,597 miles = 11.03 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -0.4
     Apparent size: 5.08 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 15.56 (evening sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Evening: Wednesday, December 1, 2010 (21 27' 14")
          Morning: Sunday, January 9, 2011 (23 16' 55")
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Mercury will be 4.5 below the southwest horizon

Venus data:
     Rise: 5:23am
     Transit: 10:41am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:58pm
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  7.25% illuminated
     Distance: .29903134 AU = 44,734,452 km = 27,796,700 miles = 2.49 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -4.4
     Apparent size: 55.80 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 22.22 (morning sky)
     Next maximum elongations...
          Morning: Saturday, January 8, 2011 (46 57' 24")
          Evening: Tuesday, March 27, 2012 (46 02' 27")
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Venus will be 25.9 below the west horizon

Mars data:
     Rise: 8:56am
     Transit: 1:36pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 6:17pm
     Constellation: Ophiuchus
     Phase:  98.53% illuminated
     Distance: 2.34712218 AU = 351,124,481 km = 218,178,640 miles = 19.55 light-minutes
     Magnitude: 1.4
     Apparent size: 3.99 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 20.91 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Mars is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Jan 29, 2010 at 2:21pm.  Distance: 99,400,435 km.  Size: 14.08 arcseconds.
            Next: Saturday Mar 3, 2012 at 3:52pm.  Distance: 100,839,728 km.  Size: 13.88 arcseconds.
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Mars will be 0.2 below the southwest horizon

     Question: Will Mars be "as big as a Full Moon on August 27!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Question: Will there be "Two Full Moons in the Sky!" ???
       Answer: ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!

     Mars was the closest in recorded history on August 27, but that was only in 2003, not every year!
     At that time, it appeared to be 1/75th the apparent diameter of the Moon!  NOT the "same size as the Full Moon".

     Please check these respected sites for their stories on the "Mars hoax" by clicking on the links below:
         http://www.skyandtelescope.com/observing/highlights/8708182.html
         http://www.snopes.com/science/astronomy/brightmars.asp
         http://www.hoax-slayer.com/mars-earth-close.html
         http://www.universetoday.com/2007/07/25/will-the-mars-look-as-big-as-the-moon-on-august-27-nope/

Jupiter data:
     Rise: 2:44pm
     Transit: 8:36pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 2:27am - Nov 13
     Constellation: Aquarius
     Phase:  99.29% illuminated
     Distance: 4.34302269 AU = 649,706,947 km = 403,709,185 miles = 36.17 light-minutes
     Magnitude: -2.7
     Apparent size: 45.39 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 123.07 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Jupiter is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 7:28am
            Next: Friday Oct 28, 2011 at 9:37pm
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Jupiter will be 34.1 above the east-southeast horizon
 
     Next transit of the Great Red Spot: Friday Nov 12, 2010 at 10:24pm (The Red Spot transits about every 9 hours 56 minutes)
     GRS longitude: 156.5
     Jupiter satellite events (during darkness):
        None

Saturn data:
     Rise: 3:54am
     Transit: 9:49am (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 3:44pm
     Constellation: Virgo
     Phase:  99.90% illuminated
     Distance: 10.33407594 AU = 1,545,955,756 km = 960,612,383 miles = 1.43 light-hours
     Magnitude: 0.9
     Apparent size: 16.08 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 37.72 (morning sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Saturn is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Sunday Mar 21, 2010 at 8:28pm
            Next: Sunday Apr 3, 2011 at 7:48pm
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Saturn will be 28.3 below the west-northwest horizon

Uranus data:
     Rise: 2:48pm
     Transit: 8:47pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 2:45am - Nov 13
     Constellation: Pisces
     Phase:  99.96% illuminated
     Distance: 19.4873856 AU = 2,915,271,391 km = 1,811,465,683 miles = 2.71 light-hours
     Magnitude: 5.8
     Apparent size: 3.62 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 126.42 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Uranus is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Tuesday Sep 21, 2010 at 12:51pm
            Next: Sunday Sep 25, 2011 at 8:07pm
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Uranus will be 34.2 above the east-southeast horizon

Neptune data:
     Rise: 1:33pm
     Transit: 6:51pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 0:08am - Nov 13
     Constellation: Capricornus
     Phase:  99.97% illuminated
     Distance: 29.90514419 AU = 4,473,745,893 km = 2,779,856,854 miles = 4.15 light-hours
     Magnitude: 7.9
     Apparent size: 2.28 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 95.45 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Neptune is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Aug 20, 2010 at 5:59am
            Next: Monday Aug 22, 2011 at 7:18pm
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Neptune will be 34.7 above the south-southeast horizon

Pluto (Dwarf Planet aka Asteroid 134340) data:
     Rise: 10:17am
     Transit: 3:13pm (Time of highest position in the sky, due South)
     Sets: 8:10pm
     Constellation: Sagittarius
     Phase:  99.99% illuminated
     Distance: 32.64080518 AU = 4,882,994,953 km = 3,034,152,434 miles = 4.53 light-hours
     Magnitude: 14.3
     Apparent size: 0.10 arcseconds in angular diameter
     Elongation from Sun: 43.42 (evening sky)
     Dates of Opposition (when Pluto is closest to Earth)
        Previous: Friday Jun 25, 2010 at 2:59pm
            Next: Tuesday Jun 28, 2011 at 1:23am
     On 11/12/2010 at 6:11:45pm Pluto will be 17.2 above the south-southwest horizon
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